Central Military Commission

China’s National Defense organization


Controls the People’s Liberation Army, and shares control of the People’s Armed Police with the Ministry of Public Security


China’s national defense organization. There are in fact two Central Military Commissions; one State and one Party, with identical memberships.
Chair: Xi Jinping (since November 2012).
Vice Chairs: Generals Fan Changlong and Xu Qiliang, who are also 18th Politburo Members.
Members: Eight further Generals.
Prospects: Xi Jinping took over as Chair in 2012, despite rumours that Hu Jintao may try to stay until 2014 or longer. Recent reports suggest the military’s influence is rising, especially over China’s foreign policy.
Relevance to Tibet: PLA and PAP play an important role in maintaining “social stability” in Tibet. The CMC can influence national and foreign policy.

Background information on the Central Military Commission:

The Central Military Commission (CMC) is China’s most powerful military body, comprising the top 10 military chiefs, chaired by the Party’s civilian leader (Xi Jinping). The CMC is the chief conduit through which the military can influence China’s leadership and vice versa. The CMC’s two Vice Chairs have seats on the Politburo. Wikipedia says the CMC “issues directives relating to the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), including senior appointments, troop deployments and arms spending.” The CMC shares authority over the People’s Armed Police (PAP) with the Ministry of Public Security.


In December 2014 there were sweeping changes affecting 40 senior military officials. The South China Morning Post wrote that whilst officially the changes were routine, a Chinese military observer had linked them to Xi Jinping’s corruption crackdown, and the expulsion from the Party of former CMC Vice Chair Xu Caihou. The changes also affected the leadership of the People’s Armed Police (now led by General Wang Ning). In July 2015 another former CMC Vice Chair, General Guo Boxiang, was expelled from the Party and handed over for court martial.

One day later, Xi Jinping promoted a further 10 military leaders to the rank of General. These included four that had Tibet experience.

In the run-up to the 50th Anniversary of the founding of the “Tibet Autonomous Region” (September 2015) two members of the Central Military Commission visited the TAR: Vice Chair General Zu Qiliang and General Zhang Yang.

In April 2013, according to the South China Morning Post, Xi Jinping ordered PLA generals and senior officers to serve as low ranking soldiers for at least two weeks, as a measure designed to “shake up the military and boost morale”.

According to Willy Lam the PLA is currently dominated by princelings (offspring of former leaders, a clique to which Xi Jinping also belongs) while Hu’s Communist Youth League clique is under-represented. Analysts STRATFOR, writing about the 2012 power handover: “The military’s influence over China’s politics and policies has grown over the past decade, as the country has striven to professionalize and modernize its forces and expand its capabilities in response to deepening international involvement and challenges to its internal stability. Fifth generation military leaders…will take office at a time when the military’s budget, stature and influence over politics is growing…, and sees its role as extending to becoming a guide for the country as it moves forward and up the ranks of international power.”

Central Military Commission
Hu Jintao with Military Leaders

Central Military Commission’s Contact Information:

  • Website: http://eng.mod.gov.cn/

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2 Responses to Central Military Commission

  1. Alison Reynolds, International Tibet Network says:

    Dispute with Japan highlights China’s foreign-policy power struggle, by John Pomfrett, Washington Post.

    This interesting article explores the role of the Military in shaping China’s foreign policy.

    Extract: ‘In recent months, military officers have begun to air their views on foreign policy matters, seeking to define China’s interests in the seas around the country…..”For me, it is surprising that I’m seeing a general from the People’s Liberation Army making a public statement regarding foreign policy, but this is China today,” said Wu Jianmin, a former ambassador who helps run a think tank and advises China’s leadership on foreign policy.’

  2. editor says:

    In China, is the gun beginning to command the party? Peter Martin, The Guardian (13 January 2011)
    President Hu Jintao’s apparent ignorance of a fighter jet test flight this week is the latest sign of the military’s growing autonomy